Archive for April, 2010

The process of finding out my research question started out extremely slow.  I couldn’t think of what would make an interesting paper .  I realized that in order to write a good paper I should find a topic that was important to me or that I wanted to know more about.  Right away “phobias” came to mind mostly due to the fact that I deal with a phobia. This led me to my first question of “How does someone overcome phobias?”  Over the week in class we discussed how this topic was to broad and may have to be narrowed or even focused on just one specific phobia.  Because I know how phobias can control a person’s life and that medication is not always the best cure for phobias, I am hoping to discover other techniques of overcoming phobias.

I realize there are many types of phobias and unique cures or treatments for all of them, so I have narrowed my topic to Simple/Specific phobias since the phobia I have suffered from, Nyctophobia (the fear of night/darkness), falls under that type of phobia. With this, the issue I have developed is the treatments or cures of simple/specific phobias. I realize there could be numerous ways of treating this type of phobia and therefore for my research project, the question I will be writing on is, “What are the most effective treatments for overcoming Simple/Specific Phobias?”

Because my topic is based on everyday type phobias, it can affect more people then just the person suffering him or herself.  In fact, a phobia can touch the lives of the people who are closest to the sufferer.  Therefore, my topic and question is relevant to not just the phobia holders themselves, but their friends, family, and acquaintances that want to better understand the phobia and how they can help.  For example, with Nyctophobia, when someone is scared of night, they tend to not sleep, and this can cause others in the home to not sleep.  Anyone who is connected personally to someone with Nyctophobia or any other Simple phobia is relevant to this topic.

Finding the most effective treatments for overcoming Simple phobias is important because of the damages the phobia can have on the person and even the people around them.  The severity of some phobias can stop someone from living his or her life.  Since Simple phobias can deal with fears of every day objects or environments, the sufferer might have to deal with this extreme fear constantly.  This phobia type can create changes in performance and personality.  Simple phobias as well as all phobias are psychological problems.  The understanding of how to control this fear is extremely important because it is unhealthy and from personal experience it is a fear that can control a person’s life.

Thobaben, Marshelle. “Common Phobias.” Home Care Provider. 2.5 (1997): 215-17. Print.

In this article, from Home Care Provider, the author, Marshelle Thobaben, urges that home care providers and specific techniques can help in people overcoming common phobias.  The author puts the article into context by providing factual information on a patient who suffers from Nyctophobia and how she is slowly overcoming it with Home Care Provider support and psychotherapy.  Because phobias are serious and can take over someone’s life, Thobaben provides strategies and facts on phobias in order to demonstrate the importance of helping people with phobias and to understand the severity of them.  Common Phobias is an article that provides facts on phobias and how to help someone overcome them and therefore the articles is aimed toward home care providers and any person involved in aiding a phobia patient.

Borden, Janet W. Handbook of Clinical Behavior Therapy. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. 3-12. Print.

In this chapter, from Handbook of Clinical Behavior Therapy, the author, Janet W. Borden, claims that the treatment of choice when it comes to simple phobias is the exposure-based treatments.  Borden puts in the article into context by explaining specific cases of patients with phobia and how the exposure-based treatments aided in overcoming their fear. The author states “simple phobias are somewhat of an anomaly in the clinical treatment of literature because there is a consensus among individuals of varied training and from differing orientations that exposure-based treatments are the treatment of choice” in order to prove that these treatments are truly seen as the best.  Behavioral Treatment of Simple Phobia discusses what simple phobia is and how it can be treated and therefore is aimed toward anyone with these phobias or anyone who wants to help someone with a simple phobia.

Seligman, Linda. SELECTING EFFECTIVE TREATMENTS A Comprehensive, Systematic Guide to Treating Adult Mental Disorders. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1990. 141-44. Print.

In this chapter, from Selecting Effective Treatments, the author, Seligman, claims that Intervention Strategies are the best way to go when treating simple phobias.   Seligman, defines each of the different treatments and explains how certain techniques have worked more so over others. The author explains both the most positive outcome treatments and the not so positive outcome treatments in order to provide many different options with the most accurate information.  Anxiety Disorders, discusses ways to select effective treatments for simple phobias and therefore is aimed toward anyone who is looking for treatments for themselves or someone they know.


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How can someone overcome a phobia?

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The painting “Interrupted Reading” by Camille Corot has been interpreted many different ways since its creation in 1870.  As the Art Institute claims, the painting is of a “depressed” woman or Corot’s ideal women.  Other scholars have claimed that the woman represents high-class society.  No matter what the interpretation was, each argument was able to give their reasons for why they believed “Interrupted Reading” meant what it did.  Though I feel each analysis is right, and the painting it open to interpretation, I believe the painting represents how even the smallest of moments have so much beauty and emotion.  Also, that with not knowing anything other than this shot it gives off a mysterious vibe.  I feel as though this beauty and emotion is visible when looking at this one moment of a woman whose reading is interrupted.

In a few articles I found on Camille Corot and his works, they discuss how lighting and detail made him notable.  In the article, from NNDB, the author claims that artist Camille Corot’s paintings fall into different periods of his artistic career.  In the period “Interrupted Reading” falls under, “from 1865 onwards, his manner of painting became full of “mystery” and poetry” (Camille Corot).  The viewers only seeing a woman holding a book and looking straightforward represent this mystery in the painting.  We do not know who she is, where she is, or what is happening around her.  We only see what the artist wants us to see, leaving the rest for us to think about.  Yet, in this one moment we see the expression on the woman’s face and her posture giving us an idea of what her emotions are at this moment.  This emotion is the poetry in the painting.

Corot was also famous for “tone…and delicate handling of light….”(Corot, Jean-Bartiste Camille).  This aids in the emotion and mystery of the painting by Corot having a solid color background leaving us unsure of where the woman is.  Also, the colors are not too bright giving off an emotion of almost ease and relaxation maybe boredom.  These colors symbolize the capturing of a moment so natural, yet mysterious because we do not know the story behind the woman.

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot.” The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. © 1994, 2000-2006, on Infoplease.
© 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Infoplease.
04 Apr. 2010 <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0813632.html&gt;.

Rosenberg, Karin. “KNOW WHAT YOU SEE.” Renaissance Society at the University of Chicago (2010): n. pag. Web. 4 Apr 2010. <http://www.renaissancesociety.org/site/Exhibitions/Essay.Know-What-You-See.214.html&gt;.

“Camille Corot.” NNDB tracking the entire world n. pag. Web. 4 Apr 2010. <http://www.nndb.com/people/579/000086321/&gt;.

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Precis 1

1.Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot.” The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia.
© 1994, 2000-2006, on Infoplease.
© 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Infoplease.
04 Apr. 2010 <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0813632.html&gt;.

In this article, published by The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia on Camille Corot’s life, the encyclopedia claims that Corot was notable for his use of lighting in paintings.  The site reviews some of Corot’s paintings, claiming that they use specific color and lighting that made Corot distinguished. The encyclopedia discusses the details of certain paintings in order to distinguish the famous, specific elements in Corot’s paintings.  The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia discusses the life and details of Camille Corot and his paintings and therefore is aimed toward artists and people interested in better understanding art.

Precis 2

Rosenberg, Karin. “KNOW WHAT YOU SEE.” Renaissance Society at the University of Chicago (2010): n. pag. Web. 4 Apr 2010. <http://www.renaissancesociety.org/site/Exhibitions/Essay.Know-What-You-See.214.html&gt;.

In this article, from The Renaissance Society, the author states that paintings can be different then their original look due to changes and alterations by the artist or damages from over time.  Rosenberg puts the article into context by using Camille Corot’s “Interrupted Reading” painting that has the artist’s visible changes and sketches of the woman’s arm in the painting before he decided on the final position. The author uses specific examples of paintings that have changed over time in order to explain that when looking at art we may not be seeing the original work.  Know What You See discusses the importance of looking at paintings while remembering they may have altered over time and therefore it is aimed toward viewers of art.

Precis 3

“Camille Corot.” NNDB tracking the entire world n. pag. Web. 4 Apr 2010. <http://www.nndb.com/people/579/000086321/&gt;.

In the article, from NNDB, the author claims that artist Camille Corot’s paintings fall into different periods of his artistic career.  The site puts the article into context by stating specific styles and elements that Corot used in his paintings and what periods they fell under.  Because Corot had so many different types of paintings, the article demonstrates how it was due to certain periods of Corot’s life in order to get a better understanding of Corot and his style of painting.  The article focuses on the techniques and works of Camille Corot and therefore is aimed toward those wanting a better understanding of the artist and his pieces.

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